Now’s the time to focus on employee management
- Employee handbook: Every business needs an employee handbook for legal protection and to have all policies, benefits, work expectations and general safety procedures in one place.
- Organizational chart: Many dairies have multiple owners and managers. Who is responsible for what? Who should employees go to with questions? The organizational chart ensures the right people are in place to carry out each farm responsibility.
- Job descriptions: A quality job description should always include the job title, job summary, key responsibilities, minimum expectations and physical requirements of the job. It should also have a disclaimer stating that it is a summary – not all-inclusive – of what needs to be done.
These materials should not be static documents. Review them regularly and make changes to keep them up-to-date. Setting the 24/7 clock The 24/7 clock allows all necessary tasks to be put into specific slots. A schedule like this is helpful because it spreads out labor-intensive projects throughout the week. It can also be a valuable training tool for new or relief workers. Start by listing all the major tasks that take place daily, weekly, bi-weekly and monthly. Plot all tasks on a seven-day calendar broken into one-hour increments. Be realistic about all activities, including breaks, meals and other “quick tasks,” such as pushing up feed, an employee my add to his or her schedule. Make scheduling adjustments accordingly. Worth the investment Employee management can be one of the most difficult responsibilities of a farm owner. We often run into situations where someone else is responsible for a task, but a manager decides he or she is not satisfied with the work and just adds the responsibility to his or her list. That creates a bottleneck in the schedule. If that happens, it’s time to re-evaluate training, the organizational chart and the 24/7 clock to do what’s best for the cows. These management processes will take time; be patient and don’t attempt too much at once. The time investment will be worth it. When we monitor labor efficiency, we can have a significant effect on our profitability. This article was originally written for Progressive Dairyman in October 2012. About the author: Peter Coyne is a dairy field service specialist in northwest Wisconsin and eastern Minnesota. With a passion for dairy, he has extensive personal experience in dairy farm management and shares his expert knowledge with dairy producers in his area. Coyne works closely with farm employees to boost feeding efficiency, animal husbandry and management techniques. He provides consulting and training in nutrition and production management to dairy producers as well as Vita Plus staff and dealer partners. Coyne is also well respected as an expert in the dairy cattle show ring.