Inoculant storage and transporation to make the most of the investment
An incredible number of forage management practices must go right to produce quality feed for livestock. This starts with making the proper seed, fertilizer, herbicide, tillage and planting decisions. Growing season can bring challenges, such as weed control, disease and insect threats, fertility choices, and, of course, weather. Then, when harvest approaches, you need to make sure you have enough storage space for the crop, equipment is tuned up, your labor is ready and timing is right.
You also need to make sure you have enough bacterial inoculant on-hand before you head out to the fields. With corn silage harvest approaching quickly, now is the time to double-check your inventory.
While many producers are concerned with making sure all equipment is prepared for harvest, proper inoculant handling and transportation to the field is often overlooked. When it comes to your inoculant, you need to make sure you have a plan in place before you hit the fields.
First, decide well ahead of harvest what type of inoculant will get the job done for your operation. If it’s a matter of promoting a rapid pH drop and quick fermentation, you’ll look at one kind of inoculant, such as Vita Plus Crop-N-Rich® inoculant. If aerobic stability is a concern (the need to help keep feed cool as it’s being fed), then you’ll look at an entirely different inoculant, likely one that contains L. buchneri bacteria, like Vita Plus Crop-N-Rich Buchneri or Stage 2 inoculants.
Another reason we mention inoculant is to prompt producers to consider how they transport those canisters, bottles or packets of inoculant from storage to the field. The way silage inoculants are stored and transported can have a profound influence on their performance and, ultimately, the quality of forage you feed your livestock.
Storage of your inoculant
Whether you pick up your inoculant at the feed store or it’s delivered by the supplier, make sure you consider where it will be stored prior to use. Every year we hear about inoculant left and forgotten in a machine shed. This is especially disastrous for inoculants that require refrigeration. Designate a regular spot for inoculant to be stored, preferably a refrigerated unit, even for inoculants that do not require it. Remember, these are live organisms and need to be alive when applied to the forage to work.
Taking inoculant to the field
Once again, have a plan. The best managers have an insulated cooler for transporting inoculant. Many will keep ice packs in that cooler. Even a small, collapsible cooler, like the one on the left in this photo, is helpful. For larger quantities, a larger, hard-sided cooler is ideal. The worst place to transport inoculant is the dashboard or seat of a vehicle. Temperatures can soar to more than 120 degrees F in those places.
Common sense can go a long ways for handling and transporting inoculants, but Bob Charley, Lallemand Animal Nutrition forage products manager, adds these three suggestions:
- Keep inoculants away from heat and direct sunlight
- Keep them away from moisture
- Keep packaging sealed until use to limit oxygen exposure
This article was originally written for the July 2018 edition of Vita Plus Forage Foundations. Click here for more forage management expertise.
About the author: Jon Urness is the Vita Plus national forage specialist. He grew up on his family’s five-generation homestead dairy near Black Earth, Wis. and still lives there today. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1977 with a bachelor’s degree in agricultural journalism. Since 1992, Urness has provided on-farm dairy nutrition consulting in southwest Wisconsin as a Vita Plus employee owner. He has also taken on the forage marketing responsibilities outside of the traditional Vita Plus market.
Feed quality and nutrition